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FLAVONOIDI

Subclass

Flavonoid

 

Flavan-3-ols

(-)-Epicatechin

 

(-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate

 

(-)-Epigallocatechin

 

(-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate

 

(+)-Catechin

 

(+)-Gallocatechin

 

Theaflavin

 

Theaflavin 3-gallate,

 

Theaflavin 3'-gallate

 

Theaflavin 3,3' digallate

 

Thearubigins

 

Flavones

Apigenin

 

Luteolin

 

Flavonols

Isorhamnetin

 

Kaempferol

 

Myricetin

 

Quercetin

 

Flavanones

Hesperetin

 

Naringenin

 

Eriodictyol

 

 

Anthocyanidins

Cyanidin

 

Delphinidin

 

Malvidin

 

Pelargonidin,

 

Peonidin

 

Petunidin

Podgrupe flavonoida i članovi tih podgrupa

  • FLAVONOLI: Quercetin, Kaempferol, Myricetin, Isorhamnetin (Figure 1)
  • FLAVONI: Luteolin, Apigenin (Figure 2)
  • FLAVANONI: Hesperetin, Naringenin, Eriodictyol (Figure 3)
  • FLAVAN-3-OLI: (+)-Catechin, (+)-Gallocatechin, (-)-Epicatechin, (-)-Epigallocatechin, (-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate, (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate, Theaflavin, Theaflavin 3-gallate, Theaflavin 3'-gallate, Theaflavin 3,3' digallate, Thearubigins (Figure 4)
  • ANTOCIJANIDINI (ANTHOCYANIDINE): Cyanidin, Delphinidin, Malvidin, Pelargonidin, Peonidin, Petunidin (Figure 5)

    fig1.
    Flavonol R1 R2
    Quercetin OH H
    Kaempferol H H
    Myricetin OH OH
    Isorhamnetin OMe H

Fig2
Flavone R1
Apigenin H
Luteolin OH

Fig 3
Flavonone R1 R2
Eriodictyol OH OH
Hesperetin OH OMe
Naringenin H OH

Fig4.
Catechins R
(+)-Catechin H
(+)-Gallocatechin OH

Epicatechins R1 R2
(!)-Epicatechin (EC) H H
(!)-Epigallocatechin (EGC) OH H
(!)-Epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG) H Gallate
(!)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate OH Gallate
(EGCG)

fig 5.
Anthocyanidin R1 R2
Cyanidin OH H
Delphinidin OH OH
Malvidin OMe OMe
Pelargonidin H H
Petunidin OMe OH
Peonidin OMe H

Theaflavins R1 R2
Theaflavin H H
Theaflavin-3-gallate Gallate H
Theaflavin-3'-gallate H Gallate
Theaflavin-3,3'-gallate Gallate Gallate

dr. M. Omerhodžić
 

Za očuvanje zdravoga srca

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