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6th International Congress of WIAMH

Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, August 13-15, 1999.

INFLUENCE OF ISLAMIC RELIGION ON PSYCHICAL STABILITY OF SOLDIERS DURING THE WAR

Izet PAJEVIĆ, Osman SINANOVIĆ, Slobodan PAVLOVIĆ

Psychiatric Clinic, University Clinical Centre Tuzla,
Faculty of Medicine of the Tuzla University, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Religious people generally consider that practising of a religion has positive effects on psychical health. Up today’s, rather small number of researches treating this problem presents only an introduction into a serious scientific elaboration of this significant statement. The main goal of this research is to determine the relation between Islamic way of living and psychical stability of soldiers during the war. The case featured 100 of soldiers of the Army of BiH who had directly participated in the war activities during the past aggression over BiH, from 1992 to 1995. All examinees were male Bosniaks of Islamic religion. They were divided into two groups; experimental and controlling ones. The experimental group was consisted of 50 soldiers who regularly practised the religion in five prayers a day. The other group was consisted of 50 soldiers who did not practise religion in the same way. Methods used for the research were psychometric ones, questionnaires and statistical methods. Psychometric method has evaluated structure of personality in three segments – emotional profile, defensive direction and disposition for development of personality. Questionnaires assisted in identification of cases, having in mind social status and way of living, as well as evaluation of their spiritual profile through religious background by birth and by their personal decision; religious education and upbringing; and place and role of religion in the life and stability of the system of faith. T-test and Hi-square test were used as statistic methods. They determined significance of achieved results among the groups in the case. Achieved results show that Islamic way of living has a positive influence on psychical health and stability of a person. It influences changes in structure of personal features of individuals, defensive directions and structure of neurotic dimensions of a person. It supports psychical development, expands healthier states and narrows the other ones. It also provides emotional stability, ability to control basic impulses, develops moral and ethical values, social adaptability and affirms creativity of an educated, developed and a person of potentials.

Key words: Psychical Stability – War – Islam – Prayer

Reference:

  1. El-Azayem GA (1995) The psychological Aspects of Islam. Mental peace 1 (IV), 14-18.
  2. Pajević I (1999) Islamic Way of Living as a Factor of Psychical Stability. Master Thesis, Faculty of Medicine of the Tuzla University, (Mentor Prof. PhD SCI O.Sinanović)
  3. Wilson JP, Moran TA (1997) Assessing Psychological Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in the Context of Spirituality. In: Wilson JP, Keane T (eds.): A Handbook for Clinical, Medical, and Legal Practitioners. New York: Guilford Press
  4. Koenig HG (ed) (1998) Handbook of Religion and Mental Health. San Diego: Academic Press
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