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6th International Congress of WIAMH

Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, August 13 - 15, 1999.

INFLUENCE OF THE WAR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA ON BEHAVIOUR OF ADOLESCENTS

Rabija RADIĆ, Vesna FERKOVIĆ, Osman SINANOVIĆ

Centre for Mental Health in the Community of the Outpatient Clinic Tuzla, Cantonal Institute for Health Protection, Psychiatric Clinic, University Clinical centre of the Faculty of Medicine of the Tuzla University, 75 000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Psychosocial consequences of the past war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and numerous and various, depending on population structure and other factors. During the war, there was an effort to make an evaluation of the influence of the war trauma on behaviour of adolescents in relation to their obligations in the school, ways of using their free time, consumption of alcohol, smoking, model of identification and acceptance of oneself. The example was consisted of students of the Electro-technical High School and they were randomly chosen. Analyse was done on a group of 164 students before the war, in 1991; and on another group of 174 students after the war, in December 1996. For the evaluation of their stands and according to defined problem, structured questionnaire was applied in both groups, where in the second group we used modified version of the impact of event scale. Out of 174, 75 had symptoms of war trauma. Adolescents of the first evaluated group had given much better results in education, compared to the other group. It was noted that the second group was more likely to use alcohol and the model of identification in parents was more frequent than in the first group. No significant differences were noted in the issues of smoking and use of free time.

Key words: War – Adolescents – Success in School – Alcohol Model of Identification

Reference:

  1. Husain SA, Cantwell DP (1991) Fundamentals of Child and Adolescent Psychopatology. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.
  2. Wilson J, Keane T (eds) (1997) Assessing Psychological Trauma and PTSD: A Handbook of Clinical, Medical and Legal Practitioners. New York: Guiford Press

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