USLOVI RADA I PROFESIONALNE ŠTETNOSTI PRI PROIZVODNJI VOJNE I POLICIJSKE OPREME
Mošorinac K, Đinović S, Džomba S.
ZC Zrenjanin, Dom zdravlja "Dr Boško Vrebalov", Zrenjanin, Srbija i Crna Gora

CILJ: Rad ima za cilj da prikaže uslove rada i profesionalne štetnosti u proizvodnoj grani koja je jedinstvena na teritoriji Srbije.

MATERIJAL I METODE: Delatnost preduzeća "Proizvodnja Mile Dragić" je proizvodnja vojne i policijske opreme. U sastavu preduzeća posluje više multidisciplinarnih proizvodnih sistema - pogon konfekcije, kamuflažne opreme, tvrde balistike i gumarskih proizvoda, pogon obuće i kožne galanterije, mašinski pogon i opitna stanica. Preduzeće je u privatnoj svojini, a osnovano je 1985. godine. Ispitivanje uslova radne sredine je izvršeno januara 2003godine.

REZULTATI: Mikroklimatski uslovi su optimalni a kvalitet osvetljenja ispunjava tražene zahteve. Izvori buke su mašine za šivenje, sečenje, krojenje, abrazivno komadanje, brusni kamen i bansek, prese, pištolj za farbanje, brusilice, bušilice, glodalice, strug, sistem za sušenje, a intenzitet ekvivalentne buke prelazi dopuštene nivoe kod: mašina za krojenje, glodalica, mašina za abrazivno komadanje, ručne brusilice, pneumatske račve, brusnog kamena i banseka. Od hemijskih štetnosti su prisutne: aceton, benzen, toluen-pri lepljenju, farbanju, presovanju i na pomoćnim poslovima. Udisanje štetnih gasova: CO pri sečenju traka i zavarivanju, CO2 i NO pri zavarivanju. Sve izmerene koncentracije gasova ne prelaze MDK. Posebnu pažnju zavređuje zaprašenost radne srednine. Pri završnoj montaži šlemova se stvara prašina plastičnih materija kao i metalna prašina, u šivaoni se stvara prašina pamuka i lana, a pri krojenju i slaganju slogova od kevlara prašina kevlara. Po hemijskom sastavu kevlar je polimeliziran tečni kristal. Tehnička karakteristika mu je neprobojnost i to svojstvo je od strateškog značaja za ovu vrstu industrije.

ZAKLJUČAK: Prašina kevlara je respirabilna, a pošto su ostala svojstva kevlara za sada nepoznanica, predlažu se mere primarne prevencije: nošenje odgovarajućih respiratora, zaštitne odeće i češći periodični pregledi izloženih radnika.


WORK CONDITIONS AND CONDITIONS OF PROFESSIONAL HARMFULNESS WHILE PRODUCING OF MILITARY AND POLICE EQUIPMENT
Mošorinac K, Đinović S, Džomba S.
HC Zrenjanin, Public Health Center "Dr Boško Vrebalov", Zrenjanin, Serbija and Montenegro

AIM: The paper aims at presenting the work conditions and the conditions of harmfulness in the industrial branch, which is unique in Serbia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The activity of the company '' Manufacture Mile Dragić '' is a manufacturing output of military and police equipment. Several multifunctional production systems are included in the company: a section of garment industry, camouflage equipment, hard ballistics and rubber products, a section of footwear and leather goods, a mechanical power and a research station. The company is in private property and it was established in 1985. The examination of the work conditions was done in January 2003.

RESULTS: The microclimate conditions are optimal and the lighting quality meets the requirements. The noise sources are the sewing, cutting and tailoring machines, the machines for abrasive partition, the grindstone, circular saw, presses, spray gun, polishing machines, drilling machines, milling machines, the lathe, drying system. The intensity of an equivalent noise exceeds the regulated levels at the tailing machines, milling machines, the machines for abrasive partition, hand polishing machines, pneumatic fork, grindstone and circular saw. There can be found the following chemical harmful substances: acetone, petrol, toluen - at sticking, spraying, pressing and accessory activities; CO at band cutting and welding; CO2 and NO at welding. The measured concentration of gases does not exceed MDK. A special attention should be paid to the dusting of the working area. At final helmet mounting the plastic matters dust appears as well as the metal dust. The cotton and flax dust is arisen in the sewing shop and, at tailoring and at kevlar type composition, the kevlar dust is arisen. According to its chemical composition kevlar is a polymerized liquid crystal. Its technical characteristic is impenetrability and that characteristic is of the strategic importance for this industrial branch.

CONCLUSION: The dust is respirable and, since the other features of kevlar are still unknown, the following safety measures have been suggested: to carry the appropriate respirators, to wear some protection clothes and to practise wore common periodical check ups of exposed workers. Key words: military and police equipment; work conditions; kevlar..

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